Woman without a masculine partner
Women who do not have a partner or who have a female partner can resort to assisted reproduction to become mothers. The law on Assisted Human Reproduction Techniques (Act 14/2006) includes both possibilities, and at Gravida we offer you all the treatments it includes.
The least invasive option is artificial insemination with donor semen (AID). AID consists in inserting spermatozoids, previously treated in the laboratory, into the uterine cavity of the woman to achieve gestation. This tries to shorten the distance separating the spermatozoids from the egg and therefore helps them both to meet. It is a simple, pain-free procedure, and it is suitable for women with permeable tubes and correct ovary function.
When the said conditions are not apparent, it is necessary to resort to in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) with donor semen. This treatment implies that the oocyte is fertilised by the spermatozoid in in-vitro culture conditions in the laboratory, i.e. outside the feminine reproduction system. It is a more complex process, because it requires removing the eggs, fertilising them in the laboratory and transferring the resulting embryos to the maternal womb. This technique is more invasive, but also more effective.
When the woman has poor oocyte quality or ovarian failure, the indicated treatment is in-vitro fertilisation with reception of oocytes and donor semen. In Spain, the reception of oocytes is completely anonymous. The only context where the law contemplates the identity of the donor is in marriage between two women. The Reception of Eggs from the Husband/Partner (ROPA in Spanish) is always possible when the requirement of being married is fulfilled.